Grading is usually split into two categories. Rough Grading and Finish Grading.
Rough grading is generally a first pass over a section of land that has been disturbed due to construction. This includes residential and commercial properties. Rough grading is done with a larger piece of equipment, such as a high lift. Using a high lift allows the operator to move large amounts of dirt to establish the proper grade to run water away from the foundation of your building. Rough grading removes large piles of dirt, fills in low spots and creates swells for drainage. The final touch is done in the finish grading process.
During the finish grading portion, smaller types of machinery are used. Skid steers with a harley rake attachment are the go to equipment for experienced and professional excavating companies. In this portion of the dirt work, topsoil can be added to level small low spots and add a needed base for grass to grow. Once the grading process is complete seeding or sodding can begin.